When it comes to stroke, getting treatment quickly is the best way to preserve brain function. Knowing the signs of stroke can save a life or help someone maintain a high quality of life after a stroke. It’s also important to know how to prevent strokes in the first place. Improving your stroke awareness boosts your chances of surviving stroke or helping a loved one survive. To see what you know about stroke, take this quick quiz.
1. True or False: Women are more likely to die from a stroke.
Answer: True. According to the CDC, stroke is the fourth-leading cause of death for women and the fifth-leading cause for men, says the National Stroke Association. Women tend to have worse recoveries and are more likely to end up in long-term care facilities.
2. If someone is showing symptoms of a stroke, what should you do?
a. Drive her to the nearest Emergency room
b. Call 911 immediately
c. Call her primary care physician
Answer: Call 911 immediately. A stroke is a major medical emergency. Each minute counts. Paramedics can begin treatment on the way to the hospital if you call 911.
3. Which of the following is not a warning sign for a stroke?
a. Sudden confusion
b. Loss of hearing
c. Numbness or weakness in the face, arm or leg
d. Trouble speaking or understanding speech
Answer: Loss of hearing. Other common stroke symptoms include sudden vision problems, loss of balance, dizziness or severe headache with no known cause.
4. What is another name for stroke?
a. Head hemorrhage
b. Brain damage
c. Brain attack
Answer: Brain attack. During a stroke, a clot disrupts blood ﬂow to the brain or a burst blood vessel causes bleeding in the brain. Either occurrence causes brain cells to die, which can lead to a serious loss of brain function and muscle control.
5. True or False: Strokes don’t happen to young people.
Answer: False. Stroke has no age limit. Although strokes are most common after age 55, they can happen to young adults, teens, children and even babies. Those with congenital heart defects, immune disorders, diseases of the arteries and abnormal blood clotting are all at risk of stroke.
6. What other medical condition often occurs with stroke?
a. Kidney failure
b. Heart attack
d. Liver failure
Answer: Heart attack. Cardiovascular disease doesn’t occur in isolation. Those at risk for stroke are also at risk for heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases.
7. What psychological problems can arise after a stroke?
d. All of the above
Answer: All of the above. Post-stroke depression is especially common, affecting more than a third of survivors, says the National Stroke Association. Unfortunately, post-stroke depression often goes undiagnosed and untreated, which can slow recovery.
When it comes to stroke, there are risk factors you cannot change: You can’t change your genetics! You are more at risk if you have a history of stroke in your family. However, making simple lifestyle changes can substantially reduce stroke risk for many people. Controlling high blood pressure is critical. You should also quit smoking, watch your cholesterol and keep your weight down.